Did you ever hear the term “Dark Web”? Did it give a mysterious vibe? Well, the vibe is right. But there are some misconceptions as well which we will clear here.
The dark web, as the name suggests, is the dark alleys or the concealed zone of the internet (World Wide Web). It is the decentralized network of internet websites that aims to make users way more anonymous as they can. This is done by routing the communications via multiple servers along with encrypting it at every step.
Why Was The Dark Web Created?
This is what you might want to ask. The dark web was initially created by the U.S. Naval Research Lab scientists who felt the need for a hidden web service that promotes anonymity and security. The open internet is exceptionally prone to surveillance and does not at any cost offer any of the two.
Thus, a particular software or network was created to access the dark web called the Tor Browser or the Tor Network. Tor browser, derived from “The Onion Router” is so made to access the onion links. Why .onion URLs? The search engines index the regular clear web websites, and these websites come in a myriad of extensions such as .com, .org etc. Some are even country-specific such as .au (Australia), .fr (France) and more. On the contrary, the dark web links or the dark web websites come in a single extension that is .onion and is never indexed. This reduces unnecessary surveillance and unwanted user attacks.
What Goes On The Dark Web?
The dark web or the darknet, yet a small portion of the vast internet, is involved in some of the other illegal activities due to the support of anonymity, security and lack of surveillance. The most common trade that goes on the dark web are drugs, guns, weapons, hack materials, stolen credentials, child pornography (CP) and certain services like red rooms and hitman-for-hire. The services are often termed scam or fraud owing to the fact that their existence is still controversial and that they are widely talked about on the various darknet forums.
Speaking of drug sales, there are several dark web markets on the Tor network. They keep coming and vanishing as some get into the hands of the law enforcement officials disguised as a darknet vendor or dark web buyers. The other reason behind this is the “exit scams”, where the vendors or the darknet market owners tend to flee with the buyers’ money. Some of such defunct well-known marketplaces are Silk Road, AlphaBay, Empire Market and Berlusconi Market.
On the contrary, the dark web is used for several legal purposes as well. You can find many essential websites to gather knowledge, buy rare books, get hands-on the uncensored libraries, play games, listen to music and even download them.
How Safe Is The Dark Web?
Well, it depends on how you use the dark web and deep web and what you use it for. If you happen to access the dark web or the deep web for something that is just basic, like listening to the radio or playing chess, then it is not illegal. When you involve yourself into trading of drugs, human trafficking and other related stuff, you are actually getting offensive.
For the fact that the dark web promotes anonymity and is uncensored, there is a considerable probability of “not being safe” there. But no worries! There are some crucial tips and tricks that will get you covered (Note: you will not be cent per cent protected but ensure that you are covered to the maximum).
The first and foremost is the usage of a reliable and premium VPN that will mask your location and IP address. Next, always use the Tor browser to surf the deep web sites and onion directory. Additionally, with a black tape mask the camera of your device and turn off the speakers. If you have any other application running in the background, make sure to close it before starting off. Install a good anti-malware or antivirus software to protect your data. Also, check if your device is connected to external devices. If so, remove it.
This brings us to the end of the article, where we have tried to put in all the necessary information about the dark web.